Greetings! If you are looking for answers to your SBA loan default questions, my Definitive Guide to SBA Loan Default and Offer In Compromise is the best place to start. Now, on to the article you came here to read…
I got a call from a guy who stated he was looking for an attorney. When I told him that I am not an attorney, but rather an SBA workout consultant, his response was “Oh, well thanks, but we really need an attorney.” I went on to question him about his situation, and he told me that he was 3 months late on him SBA loan, and the bank had not granted him a modification.
“So, why do you feel that you need an attorney to help with a modification?” I asked.
“The bank has threatened foreclosure.” he responded.
Look, I get. It’s a stressful situation, and I can appreciate the urgency. But it doesn’t mean it’s time to panic. If anything, now is the time to gather fact and make a well-informed decision. If you are reading this article, it’s a good start.
For the record, pretty much every bank threatens legal action when you don’t make payments for 3+ months. Until it actually happens, it’s all talk and an attorney can’t do anything more than I can when it comes to rectifying a default. I knew from this guy’s tone that he had his mind made up, and no amount of explanation was going to sway him. He truly seemed to think that the bank would be intimidated if an attorney called them. As a former banker, I can tell you that his assumption is not correct. Bankers deal with attorneys all the time.
So the question remains: When do you need an attorney?
You need an attorney when you:
- Need to be represented in court.
- Want to file for bankruptcy.
- Need to answer a legal summons and complaint.
- Are asked to sign a legal document.
You’ll notice that the above list does not include the negotiation of loan modifications or SBA loan forgiveness. Successfully negotiating SBA debt settlements and loan modifications requires the following attributes:
- Experience analyzing financial statements and cash flow analysis.
- A strong understanding of the rules of SBA settlements and loan modification protocol.
- Experience negotiating SBA settlements and loan modifications.
- An understanding of how the SBA evaluates settlement offers in the real world. There are SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures) that explain how the SBA and lenders should handle the OIC process, but only someone with years of experience knows how the SBA acts in practice. Huge difference.
While there may be attorneys who do possess the above attributes, my point here is that not all do, so to assume that you need an attorney in all workout situations is a false assumption.
Everyone Is Biased In Some Way
I know what you are thinking: Jason clearly has an interest in convincing me not to use an attorney because he wants me to hire him! True, but it doesn’t mean my points are not valid. I see it as a similar situation to when borrowers are trying to consider whether to hire me, or to hire a bankruptcy attorney. The bankruptcy attorney usually recommends filing for bankruptcy regardless of the situation. It doesn’t mean it’s not a legitimate option, it’s just one perspective.
There is no single option that is best for everyone. I always tell prospective clients to simply evaluate all their options, then make an informed decision. And that’s really the point of this article. In some cases it makes a lot of sense to engage an attorney, but in some cases it doesn’t. But to assume that an attorney is always a better option than an SBA workout consulting just isn’t true.
Final Points to Ponder
- In most SBA workout situations, the bank doesn’t involve an attorney. Instead, it’s workout officer handling the negotiations of an Offer in Compromise. When I worked for the largest SBA lender in the country as a workout officer during the Great Recession, I was running the process, and only involved an attorney when we decided to take legal action. In other words, banks employ non-attorneys who are experts in the SBA OIC process to handle the SBA workouts. That should tell you a lot about who banks believe is more qualified to handle SBA loan default and navigate the SBA OIC process.
- The SBA has a very specific process, and not understanding that process could be a disaster. If you hire an attorney who has never handled an SBA settlement before, advice that might work for other creditors could be a disaster for an SBA loan workout. For example, I’ve had people tell me that their attorney advised them to wait as long as possible to settle after getting a 60-day letter, only to get referred to the Treasury, where settlements go to die.